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The China Star Chinese checkers or a board game for a number of players between two and six.
This game was distributed for the first time in Germany, where he was called Stern-Halma, as it was a variant of an earlier game called Halma, unless the board has a star (Stern in German).
In the United States was called Chinese Checkers - "(set of) checkers," in English to make it more exotic.
Board in the starting position for three players.
It is played on a board with 121 squares in a star of David (six points). Each of these boxes is bounded by the six contiguous (except those in the edges of the board, bordering two, four or five). Each game, or color team consists of ten pieces or parts.When starting the game, these ten cards of the same players are together in one of the triangles that form the tips of the star. Each set of ten pieces has a different color or a characteristic that distinguishes them from another player. Generally, the 121 board positions are shaped holes in those pieces fit together. This design helps to clarify the rule can be only one piece per box.
The object is to be the first to move them from one end to the triangle opposite. For example, the ASCII drawing below shows an initial layout of the game for six participants, A, B and R. R must move their pieces from the boxes marked with the letter R to those with the letter V ', N must move from their marked with N to the marked A, B from B' to the C, V of V to R, and so on.
As in the classic game of checkers, each player moves only one chip per turn.
A valid move is:
to an adjacent free.
jumping an adjacent square occupied by another card (either your own or an opponent), and posándola in the box below (same address), if it is free.
If the movement is of the second type (jump), leading to a square tab next to another busy, you can still move the piece that started it. Thus, in one turn, a piece can move from one end of the board to another if the situation is propitious.
Unlike the ladies, do not eat pieces (the pieces on which it has not jumped out of play).
Variants by number of players
The strategies to be employed depend on the initial distribution of chips, and this depends on the number of players.
With six players
Each participant starts with ten cards in one end and its goal-the opposite end, is occupied at first by his opponent. While you decide to keep a piece in this initial triangle, prevents the opponent to finish the game.
With five players
One corner is free from the beginning, which gives advantage to starting in the opposite direction. This position is usually left to the weaker player (a beginner or a child).
With four players
Are left free two opposite corners, so that the four compete on equal terms.
With three players
Each participant can handle one or two sets of tabs:
With one, you must move your chips to an empty corner.
With two, you must move each of its colors to the corner where he has his other game.
With two players
Each participant can handle one, two or three sets of cards:
With one, usually put the two adversaries face to face (each must move their chips to the corner where your competitor has started).
With two, you can place the two colors the same player at opposite corners, or shoved into the corner occupied by his opponent.
With three, you generally must move their chips to the corner where his opponent has begun.
Other game variants that use the Chinese checkerboard
The form of the game described above is the original variant of what is sometimes called in English hop across.
Hop quickly across
Jump on a piece away.
There is a faster variant of this hop across, played mostly in Hong Kong. In it, a piece may overtake another who is not in the adjacent box. This step is to jump to a position symmetrical to the other side of the jumped piece. For example, if there are two empty cells between the part that moves and overwhelmed, which moves in the third box just the other side, leaving two half empty.
It is allowed to pass on two squares occupied in one jump.Therefore, in this variant, grouping pieces to prevent the advance of the enemy is even more important than in the original.
Another game, called capture in English, which is played on the same board, but where do you eat pieces:
The sixty pieces are placed in the middle hexagon around the central hole, which is empty. Players, in turn, can pass any adjacent piece on another. Each player pieces removed from the board on which he has moved another (eating or capture) and saves them on your deposit. At the beginning of the game, the pieces are highly concentrated, so you can capture only one form per shift. But the more pieces will be retiring, more space will be freed, allowing multiple captures. At the end of the game wins the most part you have in your tank (the more chips you've eaten).
Can involve two or more players, but with more than six, not everyone has similar opportunities.
The original version of this game can only move one square (if the adjacent empty, can move